5 Common Types of Skin Disease

Skin disease is a significant contributor to a number of social and economic difficulties, including limited employment opportunities, interpersonal difficulties, and decreased self-confidence. A recent survey of people with skin disease revealed that 64% felt that it had affected their socioeconomic life, and nearly one-third reported that their social life was negatively affected by the disease. Furthermore, 40 percent felt that it caused particular stress in their personal relationships.

Pityriasis alba

Pityriasis alba usually clears up on its own, but it may require treatment if it does not disappear within a few months. It can be treated with over-the-counter steroid creams or moisturizers to relieve dryness. However, the disease can spread to other areas of the skin.

Acanthosis papulosa nigra

Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a common skin disorder that causes small, dark bumps on the skin. These bumps may be smooth or irregular, and they can grow in size and number over time. DPN is most common among African and Asian individuals. It rarely affects whites. It appears on the face and upper body and may also affect the chest.

Acanthosis nigricans

This skin disorder is caused by insulin resistance and can have a wide range of symptoms, including a discoloration of the skin. Treatment for acanthosis nigricans will usually focus on treating the underlying cause. Some people may need to lose weight or undergo treatment for diabetes, in which case they will be prescribed medicine to control their blood glucose levels. Other treatment options can include topical retinoids and laser therapy.

Tinea versicolor

Tinea versicolor is an infection of the skin. Treatment options include antifungal shampoos, lotions, and creams. Treatment can last for months or even years. Even with successful treatment, the infection can recur. To prevent recurrence, you should use antifungal products once a month. However, some people may need to use them more frequently during warm weather.

Tinea pedis

Tinea pedis is a common skin infection that affects the feet. The condition is caused by a fungus known as Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The infection typically presents as vesicles and bullae, which cause great discomfort. In some cases, a secondary bacterial infection can also develop.