Acne Treatment Options

There are many different options for treating acne. These include antimicrobials, microdermabrasion, and retinoids. The best method depends on your personal preferences. It is important to start with lower-strength treatments, then progress to stronger ones. Using stronger treatments too early can cause more side effects and may even harm your microbiome. It’s best to avoid using stronger treatments until you are certain that they are working for you.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is a popular medication used to treat acne. It works by reducing the production of excessive oil in the skin, which causes clogged pores. The high dose of vitamin A reduces sebum production and reduces cell shedding, which reduces the stickiness of the skin and reduces the materials that clog pores.

Although it is safe to use, isotretinoin can cause skin sensitivity, which can make it difficult to undergo cosmetic procedures. The FDA recommends waiting six months after stopping treatment before having any type of cosmetic procedure. However, there is limited evidence to support this recommendation. Before undergoing any cosmetic procedure, it is best to discuss any potential risks with your doctor.

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a safe and effective treatment for acne. The procedure is performed using a machine that sprays on particles that sand away the top layers of the skin. After the treatment, moisturizer and sunscreen are applied. Microdermabrasion was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1996 and hundreds of microdermabrasion devices are available in the market today. Microdermabrasion has minimal downtime and doesn’t require the use of numbing agents.

This treatment is most effective for mild to moderate acne. It exfoliates the skin and promotes the production of collagen and elastin, which will improve the complexion over time. This procedure is often used in combination with chemical peels. However, it is important to note that this treatment is not recommended for severe acne, which may require topical creams or antibiotics.

Antimicrobials

Antibiotics are a valuable part of acne treatment. They target Propionibacterium acnes, an anaerobic bacterium implicated in the pathogenesis of acne. However, the development of antibiotic resistance in the acne-causing bacteria has become a significant public health concern. Recent guidelines offer strategies to minimize the risk of antibiotic resistance and achieve optimal results for patients.

These agents were first developed as topical therapeutics for acne. They were highly effective under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, but their antimicrobial activity decreased as antibiotic-resistant bacteria were developed. Consequently, acne treatment with topical antimicrobial agents is increasingly popular.

Retinoids

Retinoids for acne treatment are an effective way to reduce the appearance of acne lesions. They work by removing dead skin cells and making room for new ones. They also have anti-inflammatory properties that block several inflammatory pathways in the skin. There are many different types of retinoids. These include tretinoin, tazarotene, and adapalene. They can be found in different strengths and are prescribed by a doctor depending on the severity of the condition.

Retinoids are usually applied to the skin once or twice a day after washing it with a mild cleanser. There are several different formulations of retinoids, each acting through a different mechanism to treat acne. Some people may experience skin irritation or dryness after using retinoids for the first week.

Lasers

Lasers for acne treatment use red and blue light to treat acne and reduce the bacteria responsible for the condition. These bacteria are naturally present in the skin and need to be controlled. Acne treatments must be repeated frequently to keep the acne under control. Fortunately, there are many options for treating acne. These treatments are not for everyone.

In some cases, a single session of laser treatment is sufficient to reduce the severity of acne. However, these treatments do have risks. High-risk patients may not be a good candidate.