Acne Treatment – What Are the Best Acne Treatments?

There are many different types of treatment for acne. Some treatments are based on antibacterials, others on retinoids. Some may combine treatments to produce the desired results. Topical erythromycin and clindamycin are two types of antibiotics that can be applied to the skin. Both are effective against a variety of bacteria. They should be used in conjunction with a retinoid or benzoyl peroxide. Oral antiinflammatory antibiotics are also sometimes used to treat acne.

Retinoids

The mainstay of acne treatment for over 40 years, retinoids are known for their ability to alter expression levels of hundreds of cellular proteins, as well as affecting multiple pathways of acne pathogenesis. Over the years, retinoids have been improved through a variety of chemical modifications and novel agents.

Retinoids can be applied as a topical treatment for acne. The topical form works by removing dead skin cells, making room for new ones. Retinoids also contain anti-inflammatory properties and block several inflammatory pathways. There are several different retinoids, such as tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene, and they come in varying strengths. Your doctor will decide how much is necessary for your specific condition.

Retinoids are often applied once or twice daily. They should be applied 20-30 minutes after cleansing the face. Although retinoids can cause irritation, they are generally safe for most people.

Antimicrobials

Antimicrobials are an important part of acne treatment. These drugs have been shown to reduce inflammatory papules and cysts in patients with severe acne. But they are not without risks. They may also alter the composition of the human microbiota. In addition, some of the most commonly used antimicrobials have not been studied against representative skin bacteria.

Antibiotics are available in topical and oral forms. The most common type is tetracycline. However, there are other types, including macrolides and doxycycline. While the latter two antibiotics do not have a lot of evidence behind them, they may be recommended by doctors in severe cases of acne.

Chemical peels

There are many benefits to chemical peels, but there are also some disadvantages. This procedure can cause dryness, peeling, and stinging, and may increase the risk of hyperpigmentation, a skin condition characterized by dark spots. In addition, it can thin your skin, making it susceptible to sun damage.

Although chemical peels are effective at treating acne, the long-term effects are unknown. While they can temporarily clear acne, they do not prevent future breakouts. Most people can see results from one treatment. The new layer of skin begins to develop about seven to ten days after treatment. Full healing, however, can take a month.

Chemical peels can reduce the appearance of acne scarring and can even out the skin’s tone. The peels can also be repeated several times over a period of time, usually spaced six to eight weeks apart. Some patients may also use complementary treatments such as over-the-counter scar creams or dermabrasion sessions to get better results. Results can vary depending on the type of acne scarring and the type of skin you have.

Cortisone

Cortisone is a synthetic hormone that reduces inflammation and is used for the treatment of acne. It is particularly helpful in the treatment of severe acne, including cysts and nodules. These lesions can be extremely painful and can often last for months or years. Cortisone injections help to provide fast relief and are more effective than topical solutions.

Hydrocortisone is a common over-the-counter cream used to reduce redness and inflammation caused by acne breakouts. It is a safe treatment for those who don’t have allergies and can be applied twice or three times per day. It works well with other ingredients such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. However, it is important to read the ingredients and instructions before using any creams or lotions.

Oral erythromycin

Oral erythromycin is a commonly used antibiotic for the treatment of acne. It is considered an effective treatment for moderate to severe forms of acne. However, it has some potential side effects, including GI disturbance and photosensitivity. It is safer to use than other tetracycline drugs and is not contraindicated in pregnant women and young children.

Erythromycin belongs to the macrolide family of antibiotics and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. It can be taken orally or as a topical cream. Oral erythromycin is generally easier to use and can produce better results than a topical treatment for acne. However, it can cause severe skin irritation and should be used only in the affected areas of the skin.