Skin Diseases You Should Know About

A skin disease is a skin disorder with an identifiable pattern and symptoms. It can be either acute or chronic. Acute lesions are painful, weepy, or vesicular, while chronic lesions are dry, erythematous, cracked, or lichenified. The patterns and symptoms are often distinct, and acute lesions may be asymmetric or unilateral. If the lesion is not treated, it can progress to hardening of the skin.

Argyria

Argyria is often overlooked as a serious skin disease, but it can have serious consequences. The disease can cause discoloration and other physical symptoms, which may make the patient feel depressed and anxious. It can also lead to social withdrawal. Luckily, there are treatment options. Among these, talking therapies and counseling can help people cope with the emotional and psychological problems that can accompany this disease.

Epidermolysis bullosa

If your child is suffering from epidermolysis bullosa, you should take special precautions to reduce skin damage. For instance, dress your child in comfortable clothing and always try to pick them up on a soft material. You should also make sure they wear soft special shoes. Additionally, avoid activities that could damage their skin and dress them in long clothing. Avoid overheating in hot and humid weather, as the skin may become inflamed. Also, keep their skin cool and apply moisturizer as needed.

Melanocytic nevus

Most melanocytic nevi are harmless and do not require treatment, but if you are worried about a mole, you may want to have it checked by a doctor. The procedure used to test for the presence of this disease is called a skin biopsy. This procedure will either require shaving or punching the mole with a scalpel.

CSTA

A new study has identified a genetic variant that confers a high risk of psoriasis in a small number of people. The CSTA gene is a gene that is expressed in skin cells, and it is implicated in a genetic condition known as psoriasis. It is linked to the HLA-Cw6 risk allele.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin disease where parts of your body lose their natural pigments, melanocytes, resulting in patches of white skin. Melanocytes are the cells that give your skin colour and protect it from UV rays. When melanocytes are not working properly, the skin becomes incredibly sensitive to sunlight, causing the patches to turn white. Fortunately, there are treatments for this disease, but the effects of these treatments will vary from person to person.

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a skin infection that can be dangerous if it spreads to other parts of the body. It usually begins with a small skin break, which allows bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin. People with weak immune systems or chronic skin conditions are at high risk for developing cellulitis. The treatment for cellulitis is often antibiotics. These antibiotics should be taken for a period of months until the infection has cleared. Some common antibiotics include dicloxacillin, penicillin, cefuroxime, and erythromycin.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin disease with no clear cause. However, recent studies suggest that it is caused by an inflammatory process involving the innate immune system and neurovascular dysregulation. Many of the studies have focused on the role of the innate immune system, such as the abnormal production of cathelicidins and an increase in the number of mast cells at the interface of the nervous and vascular systems.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell cancer is a type of skin cancer that has two main treatment options: surgery and radiation. Surgical treatment involves excision of the cancerous growth, preserving as much normal tissue as possible. The surgeon uses a microscope to evaluate the growth and guide the surgery. Radiotherapy and topical treatments may also be used in some cases.