Skin Diseases

Skin diseases can be caused by bacteria trapped within the pores of the skin. In some cases, skin diseases are the result of underlying conditions, such as a condition affecting the kidneys or thyroid, or environmental triggers such as certain medications. Other diseases affecting the skin can be the result of a virus, parasite, or a fungus.

Xanthelasma

Treatment options for xanthelasma include surgery or other methods, such as changing one’s diet or lifestyle. Surgical excision is one option, but it may lead to significant scarring. Other treatments include using electrossication techniques, cryotherapy, and laser ablation. Treatment may also involve cauterization with chemical fluids. While these methods are not without risk, they do work for some people.

The disease is caused by deposits of cholesterol under the skin. This buildup of bad fat may also indicate heart disease, which is why the condition should be treated promptly. Patients with xanthelasma should visit a dermatologist or internist for a proper diagnosis.

Eczema

Eczema is a skin disease characterized by persistent, itchy skin. It usually develops in children, but can also develop on the face, elbow creases, knees, and trunk. If untreated, eczema can lead to infection. The infection can also result in painful, red bumps that may ooze pus.

Inflammation of the epidermis, the outer layer of skin, causes eczema. The disease is caused by the skin’s barrier not functioning properly, making it susceptible to infection by bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and fungi. Certain triggers can aggravate the condition, such as frequent bathing without moisturizing the skin, using harsh detergents, and perfumes or alcohol-based toiletries. In addition, infections and certain food allergens can trigger the condition.

Yeast infections

Yeast infections are caused by the overgrowth of a fungus in the body. This fungus is normally present on the skin, but it can also live in the digestive system and in the vagina. If there is too much yeast in the body, the fungus can cause an infection known as candidiasis. This condition is usually very unpleasant and itchy. A health care provider can diagnose the condition by inspecting the affected skin. The doctor may even scrape off a small area for testing.

The symptoms of a yeast infection are different depending on where the infection is located in the body. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should visit a health care provider immediately. You should not take leftover antibiotics from someone else, as this can increase the risk of developing a yeast infection. If you are still unsure of what to do, write down your questions and bring a friend or family member along with you to the appointment. You should also wear loose-fitting clothing, as this helps to prevent the yeast from spreading.

Viral infections

Viral infections of skin disease are a diverse group of diseases characterized by localized or disseminated lesions. Typically, the diagnosis is made based on the pattern of presentation. Patients may begin with oropharyngeal or systemic symptoms before developing a maculopapular rash. The skin lesions of viral skin infections are vesicular and contain replicating viral organisms. The rash can be quite contagious. Viral skin disease outbreaks have been reported in daycare settings and schools.

The best way to diagnose the cause of a skin infection is to get a good medical examination. The doctor will be able to determine what type of infection you have by looking at the appearance and location of the lesions and bumps. The doctor may also examine the skin cells to determine the exact type of infection. The severity of the infection will determine the treatment.

Cancer

The most common type of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma. These cancers begin in the basal cells of the skin and grow very slowly. They usually appear as a bump or dry, scaly area that may appear red, pink, or pale. They tend to develop on areas of the body that have a lot of sun exposure. Because of their risk for spreading to other parts of the body, early detection is crucial.

Skin cancer occurs when abnormal DNA changes in the cells of the skin produce tumors. It is the most common type of cancer in the United States and is most commonly caused by overexposure to ultraviolet light, both from the sun and artificial sources such as tanning beds. Skin cancers usually fall into two types: basal cell carcinoma and melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma starts in the basal layer of the skin, while melanoma starts in the melanocytes.

Parasites

Parasites are small insects or worms that can infect the skin. These parasites lay their eggs in the skin and cause it to become inflamed and painful. In order to treat this infection, a doctor will prescribe medication to destroy the parasites. The treatment depends on the severity of the skin disease and the type of parasite present.

Dracunculosis is a chronic skin ulcer caused by the larvae of a parasitic worm. The developing larvae of the parasite infiltrate the tissue beneath the skin, resulting in scaly, red, itchy spots. In severe cases, multiple ulcers may form on limbs. Once the worms have matured, they release a toxin that causes the overlying skin to become inflamed.