Types of Skin Disease

There are two types of skin disease: acute and chronic. The former has painful, weepy, and vesicular lesions, while the latter is dry, erythematous, cracked, and lichenified. Acute lesions have a definite pattern, and are often asymmetric or unilateral. Acute lesions can be caused by repeated contact with moderate irritants.

Exfoliative dermatitis

Exfoliative dermatitis is a serious skin condition that can lead to significant skin peeling and scaling. It also causes painful itching and ridged nails. In severe cases, it can lead to fever and decrease blood volume. Patients can also suffer from dehydration, as fluids are lost through damaged skin.

There is no cure for this condition, and the prognosis is not good. In severe cases, it can require hospitalization. However, long-term treatment can produce positive results. With proper care, the skin can return to its normal state within a few weeks. A healthy lifestyle can also prevent and delay the onset of the condition.

Although exfoliative dermatitis is most common in adults, it can also occur in young children. The cause of this condition is unknown in 30% of patients. However, drugs that affect the central nervous system, such as antibiotics and sulfonamides, can precipitate the disease.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease that can have various symptoms. Early signs of the disease include scaly and small bumps that adhere together. These spots are also prone to bleeding if scratched. As the condition worsens, it can also lead to other problems such as nail damage.

The best way to treat psoriasis is to follow the advice of your health care provider. For instance, a low-fat diet and lots of colorful fruits and vegetables can help alleviate the symptoms. Moreover, using a moisturizer can help keep the skin smooth and soft. Baths with Epsom salts or colloidal oatmeal can also soothe the plaques. You can also use medicated shampoos and moisturizers to treat the symptoms.

The most common form of psoriasis is chronic, stable plaque psoriasis. This type tends to develop on both sides of the body and usually lasts for a long time. There is no cure for psoriasis, but treatments can help to reduce flare-ups.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin disease characterized by redness and irritated skin. Its symptoms can be different in different people. Some people may experience facial swelling, itching, and a flushed complexion. Some people may also experience a burning sensation. In severe cases, rosacea can even affect the eyes. Other rosacea symptoms include dry, irritated eyelids and a bumpy nose.

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease characterized by red patches that appear on the face and may include the neck and chin. Small bumps that look like pimples can also occur on these areas. The redness may last for weeks and then disappear. The symptoms can be easily mistaken for other skin conditions. Most commonly, rosacea affects middle-aged women.

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is an infection caused by bacteria that enters the skin through cuts and scrapes. The symptoms of cellulitis are swelling, redness, and pain in the affected area. The skin may also become warm and blistered. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required. Treatment will likely include antibiotics.

Treatment for cellulitis depends on the underlying cause. Bacterial infections, such as those caused by streptococcus, are typically the culprit. Antibiotics, such as penicillin, can help fight off the bacteria that are causing the infection. Other common antibiotics include clindamycin and amoxicillin. Anticoagulants, such as warfarin, can also be effective.

The best way to prevent cellulitis is to follow a proper diet and stay hydrated. This will help reduce the symptoms and help the antibiotics work faster. You should also avoid sharing razors or razor blades with anyone who is sick with cellulitis. Bromelain is also a good ingredient to include in your diet to prevent skin from drying out.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a serious skin condition caused by allergies to certain substances that come into contact with the skin. Examples of these substances are insecticides and metals. The condition can be self-limiting or chronic. Its severity can vary depending on the cause, type of skin, and duration of exposure.

Fortunately, there are treatments for this skin condition. The first step is to avoid the trigger substance. The next step is to wash the affected skin regularly. For those who can’t avoid it, applying a daily moisturiser may be helpful. The skin may become dry and itchy. The skin may also turn dark brown or purple, depending on the cause. People with this condition should visit a doctor if their symptoms worsen, or if the affected area becomes red or blistered.

Those with sensitive skin are more likely to develop this condition. Infections from contact dermatitis can be caused by a variety of things, including perfumes, cosmetics, and jewelry. In some cases, a dermatologist will recommend taking medication to treat the condition.